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Female infertility basically refers to infertility among female humans. The problem tends to affect around 48 million women around the world, though it is mainly prevalent among those living in South Asia, North Africa, Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia. There are plenty of issues which tend to give rise to this problem among females world over, which we will discuss as we progress.

What Are The Medical Causes of Female Infertility?
There are a number of medical causes behind women coming across difficulties related to fertility. Some of the most common causes include:

  1. Problems with ovulation
  2. Fallopian tubes or the uterus getting damaged
  3. Problems related to cervix
  4. Submucosal fibroid
  5. Endometrosis
  6. PCOD
  7. Chemotherapy
  8. Radiotherapy

Problems related to ovulation can happen because of the following reasons, which include:

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • A tumor or cyst
  • Eating disorderslike anorexia

Fallopian tubes or uterus can be damaged due to the following reasons:

  1. Disease of inflammatory pelvic
  2. Endometriosis

Various Risk Factors Responsible for Female Infertility
There are number of risk factors primarily responsible for female infertility. The factors include:

  1. Age: Women, who are in their late 30s generally, tend to be less fertile compared to those who are in their early 20s.
  2. Career Aspirations: Nowadays women have become so focused about building their careers that they often tend to sway away in their quest for attaining a position in life, hence leading to the delay in conceiving.
  3. Lifestyle and Environment: These include smokingcigarettes, drinking alcohol and being exposed to hazards or toxins in the workplace.

Various Investigations to Determine Female Infertility
There are some investigations which help to determine female infertility, including:

  1. Ovulation Testing: A rise in luteinizinghormone that occurs before ovulation, along with the blood test for progesterone, thyroid and prolactin indicates that a woman is ovulating.
  2. Hysterosalpingography: During this test, X-raycontrast gets injected inside the uterus and X-ray is taken for detecting the abnormalities in the uterine cavity. This also helps to determine if the fluid passes out of the uterus and get spilled out in the fallopian tubes.
  3. Ovarian Reserve Testing: This test helps to determine the quality and quantity of eggs that are available for ovulation.

How to Prevent Female Infertility?
There are quite a number of ways through which females can prevent themselves from getting affected by infertility. These include:

  1. Taking precaution to prevent sexually transmitted diseases
    1. Avoiding illicit drugs
    2. Completely avoid the use of alcohol
    3. Adoption of good personal hygiene and health practices
    4. Having check-ups on an annual basis with the doctor once a woman is sexually active.

    Role of Diet and Yoga in Female Infertility
    Yoga helps to boost the functioning of the reproductive system, stress-free body and balances the hormones. There are certain asanas and postures in Yoga that specifically target the pelvic area and reproductive organs. The asanas assist in increasing blood circulation and also stimulate energy in these areas. People often report that they feel better, stronger and confident about themselves after going yoga practices.

    Fertility Yoga is a kind of yoga that assist females who are facing problems in getting pregnant. It improves female fertility through:

    1. Minimizing stress
    2. Balancing the hormones of the body along with mental health.
    3. Yoga as well as meditationhelp women who are experiencing challenges related to infertility.

    Meditation and relaxation can help women in:

    1. Enhancing clarity of the mind
    2. Maintain healthy body chemistry
    3. Makes them patient to undergo the rigours of infertility treatment

    Diet can have a big say in affecting female’s fertility. They include:

    1. Having more of slow carbohydrateslike fruits, vegetables and avoid taking cookies, cakes and white bread.
    2. Completely avoid all kinds of trans fat and focus on having healthy unsaturated fats.
    3. Take more proteinfrom items like beans, nuts, seeds, which contain healthy fats rather than consuming red meat.
    4. Consume whole milkrather than low-fat dairy.